Every married couple desires to have babies, but many couples face fertility issues which make their path of having babies quite difficult.
Some common female infertility problems include ovulatory problems, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), tubal disease, endometriosis, etc. Male infertility problems may be due to abnormal sperm parameters, azoospermia, sperm antibodies or ejaculatory dysfunction.
Centre for Assisted Reproduction (CARE IVF) is a reputable fertility centre in Singapore which provides a wide range of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) treatments. Our centre comprises of a team of experienced and dedicated IVF specialists, embryologists, nurses and counselors who strive to provide quality care for our patients.
There are various treatment options available in CARE that can meet the needs of individual couples.
- Artificial Insemination / Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
This is used as a first line treatment before embarking on other more advanced assisted conception technologies. This technique involves preparing sperm sample using a sperm enhancement procedure and inserting the prepared sperm into the uterus close to the time of ovulation.
- In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
This treatment involves monitoring of ovarian follicles stimulation through ultrasound scans and hormonal blood tests, removing the eggs from the ovaries and fertilising them with sperm by insemination or intracytoplasmic sperm injections (ICSI). Embryo transfer is then performed to replace selected embryo(s) into the uterus. Embryo freezing can be carried out on remaining embryos. IVF treatment may involve egg donor (if the woman is unable to produce eggs) or sperm donor (if the man is unable to produce sperm).
Before implantation, the embryo must hatch from its shell to attach to the womb. Assisted hatching is a procedure whereby the outer layer of the embryo is thinned to facilitate hatching, improving its chance of implantation.
- Testicular Sperm Extraction (TESE)
Some men do not have sperm in their ejaculate although sperm is being produced in the testicles. This could be due to a previous vasectomy surgery or a congenital abnormality whereby the tubes that transport the sperm from the testes are absent. Through TESE, sperm can be retrieved and use in the IVF treatment of the women.
- Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)
Some couples are at high risk of passing known genetic disorder to their offspring. PGD allows their embryos to be tested for genetic and chromosomal disorders before the embryos are transferred to the uterus. This maximizes the pregnancy success rate and also reduces the risk of having a child with an inherited disorder.
IVF success rate is very much determined by the woman’s age. So it is important to seek treatment early if the woman is unable to conceive after at least one year of regular intercourse without using contraception.